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  • Writer's pictureChan Alan

A step-by-step guide to the renovation process. 装修过程的逐步指南

Updated: Mar 6

As an experienced interior designer with over 10 years of experience executing building aspects of interior design projects in both Singapore and Johor, Malaysia, I have developed a tried and true renovation procedure that I use for residential projects. 作为一名拥有超过10年经验的资深室内设计师,我在新加坡和马来西亚柔佛州执行了许多室内设计项目的建筑方面工作。我已经开发出了一套经过验证的装修程序,适用于住宅项目。 The following process is based on my personal field experience and should be taken as a reference, not a definitive guide. Please keep in mind that there is no one "right way" to execute a renovation, and I am constantly learning and improving my approach.

In this description, I will be focusing solely on the execution aspect of the renovation and not on the research, layout planning, or design phases of the interior design workflow. 以下流程是基于我的个人实地经验,并应作为参考,而非一份确定性指南。请记住,执行装修没有一种“正确的方式”,我一直在学习和改进我的方法。

The renovation process can be divided into several distinct actions, which are outlined below. Note that the order of these actions may vary depending on the specific needs of each project 在这份描述中,我将专注于装修的执行方面,而不是室内设计工作流程的研究、布局规划或设计阶段。

装修过程可以分为几个明确的步骤,如下所述。请注意,这些步骤的顺序可能因每个项目的具体需求而有所不同。


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Without further ado, Let's roll !! 不多说了,让我们开始吧! There are more than 20 individual tasks to be executed as the renovation progresses. To make this process easier for you to understand, I have grouped the 20+ tasks into fewer groups, I call them actions. The list of actions goes as the below : 随着装修的进行,有超过20个独立任务需要执行。为了让您更容易理解这个过程,我将这20多个任务分成了更少的几组,我称之为动作。动作列表如下: 1. Protect 保护 2. Hack 拆除 3. Lay 铺设 4. Install 安装 5. Treat 处理 6. Paint 涂漆 7. Install 安装 8. Clean 清洁 1. Protect 保护 To lay a layer of protection materials (usually corrugated sheets/thin vinyl sheets) onto what is needed to be protected from being damaged. 在需要保护的地方铺设保护材料(通常是瓦楞板/薄乙烯基板),以防止被损坏。 To lay a protective layer of materials (such as corrugated sheets or thin vinyl sheets) over areas that need to be protected from damage during the renovation process. This may include existing doors and door frames, new floor tiles, existing kitchen cabinets, and more. 在装修过程中,对需要保护免受损坏的区域(如现有门和门框、新地砖、现有厨柜等)铺设一层保护性材料(如瓦楞板或薄乙烯基板) 2. Hack (Floor, Wall, Ceiling, Air-con, Built-in units) 拆除(地板、墙壁、天花板、空调、内置单元) To hack/demolish things that are to be replaced or removed. If the protection is properly funded & executed, the damages caused by the hacking or future works would really be minimum, 拆除或移除需要更换或拆除的物品。如果保护工作得到了充分的资金支持和执行,拆除或未来工作造成的损坏将会最小化。 To demolish or remove any items that need to be replaced or removed during the renovation. This includes tasks such as removing existing walls, making openings in non-structural walls, removing cornices, and removing air-con fan-coil indoor units. Depending on the regulations and laws of the property, a professional engineer endorsement may be required for some demolition works. 在装修过程中拆除或移除任何需要更换或拆除的物品。这包括拆除现有墙壁、在非结构性墙壁上开口、拆除线条和拆除空调风机盘管室内单元等任务。根据物业的规定和法律,某些拆除工作可能需要专业工程师的认可。 3. Lay (Conceal Electrical Wirings, Pipings for Air-con, Plumbing & Gas) 铺设(隐藏电线、空调管道、水暖和煤气管道) While the walls are bare now, the concealing task is best performed at this stage. 在墙壁裸露的时候,进行隐藏任务最佳。 To conceal any electrical wiring, air-con, plumbing, or gas pipes that need to be installed or updated during the renovation. This is best performed when the walls are bare and provides an opportunity to ensure that electrical wiring runs higher than plumbing pipes for safety purposes in case of water leakage. The position of the fan-coil unit (the indoor air-con unit) is dependent on the location and height of existing beams to allow proper piping gradient. 在装修过程中,隐藏任何需要安装或更新的电线、空调管道、水暖管道或煤气管道。这最好在墙壁裸露时进行,这样可以确保电线走线高于水暖管道,以防止水漏时的安全问题。风机盘管单元(室内空调单元)的位置取决于现有横梁的位置和高度,以确保管道有适当的倾斜度。


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4. Install (Door & Window Frames - Timber, Aluminum, etc.) 安装(门窗框架 - 木制、铝制等 Frames are installed at this stage so that the connecting walls/structure can be appropriately extended/filled/finished. 在这个阶段安装框架,以便连接的墙壁/结构可以适当地延伸/填充/完成。 Some architectural products, especially windows can only be installed as a whole. In this case, leave the protection sheet that comes with them, to protect the surfaces from flying renovation particles. 一些建筑产品,特别是窗户,只能作为一个整体安装。在这种情况下,保留与之配套的保护板,以防止表面受到飞溅的装修颗粒的影响。 5. Lay (Floor & Wall Finishings - tiles, timber, natural stone, vinyl boards, etc.) 铺设(地板和墙面饰面 - 瓷砖、木材、天然石材、乙烯基板等) When those that needed to be concealed are done, it's time to slowly put up the surfaces. 当隐藏的部分完成后,现在是时候慢慢安装表面了。 Note that whenever the plumbing pipes need to meet with the electrical wirings at any point, we will have the electrical wiring run higher than the plumbing pipes for safety purposes in case of water leakage. For homes with limited ceiling heights and has a lot of exposed beams in the unit, the position of the Fan-Coil-Unit (FCU - the indoor air-con unit) is pretty much dependent on the location & heights of the beams, so that the water that's formed, due to the condensation of air, can flow to the outlet with a proper piping gradient. For wet areas (Bathroom & balcony, wet kitchen), a waterproofing membrane with a water ponding test is a must-have. 请注意,每当水暖管道需要与电线在任何地方相遇时,为了安全起见,在水暖管道高于电线的情况下进行电线布线,以防止发生水漏。对于天花板高度有限且单位内有许多裸露横梁的家庭,风机盘管单元(FCU - 室内空调单元)的位置基本取决于横梁的位置和高度,以便空气冷凝造成的水可以以适当的管道倾斜度流向出口。对于潮湿区域(浴室和阳台、潮湿的厨房),必须具备防水膜并进行水池测试。

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6. Install (False Ceiling, Partition Walls & Electrical Faceplates) 安装(假天花板、隔墙和电器面板) When the ceiling boards are in, all the electrical wirings, plumbing & gas pipe (those that passes the ceiling) will all be covered. This is where we want all the #3 tasks to be appropriately planned & executed. 当天花板板材安装好后,所有电线、水暖和煤气管道(通过天花板的那些)都会被覆盖。这是我们希望所有#3任务都能得到适当规划和执行的阶段。 We want to have structural supports for items like ceiling fans, pendant lights, sliding/pocket doors, etc be installed and ready before the boards are in place and sealed. In the same mindset, if you do have a storage water heater, the hose for an electric ventilator, etc to be installed in the false ceiling, please do so before the ceiling is "closed". 我们希望在板材放置和密封之前,为像吊扇、吊灯、滑动/推拉门等物品安装并准备好结构支撑。在同样的思路下,如果您安装了储水式热水器、电动通风机等,这些设备需要安装在假天花板中,请在天花板“关闭”之前完成安装。


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7. Treat (Natural Timber/Stone Floors) 处理(天然木材/石材地板) Ceiling works are usually messy and dusty. Therefore the completion of the ceiling works is the best time to treat the timber/stone floor. 天花板工程通常会产生混乱和灰尘。因此,天花板工程完成后是处理木材/石材地板的最佳时机。 Treatment of material includes staining, whitewashing, grinding & sanding, polishing, etc. The benefit of performing the treatment at this stage is that it lies in the sweet spot between (a) Where all the "dirty" jobs are completed (b) The floor is clear from any carpentry works, this allows the treatment to be done appropriately, without obstruction. 对材料的处理包括染色、粉刷、打磨和砂光、抛光等。在这个阶段进行处理的好处在于,它位于(a)所有“肮脏”的工作完成的时间(b)地板没有任何木工作业的情况下,这使得处理工作可以顺利进行,没有阻碍。 8. Painting 涂漆 Painting of walls starts with mask-taping the edge of the wall switches, sockets, door frames, etc. Basically giving a layer of protection to non-wall/ceiling materials from being painted. 开始涂刷墙壁,首先用胶带贴好墙壁开关、插座、门框等的边缘。基本上给非墙壁/天花板材料一个涂漆保护层,防止被涂漆。 A very straightforward task amongst the rest of the works. Usually, 3 coats of paint are applied, and there's a "touch-up" session - #9(b) when the site is almost ready for the handover. 在所有工作中,这是一个非常直接的任务。通常会施涂3层涂料,而在准备交付时会有一个“补漆”工作 - #9(b)。 9 (a). Install (Protection, Doors & Gates, Built-in Cabinets) 安装(保护、门窗、内置柜) New protection is required prior to the rest of the installation jobs, to help the polished floor survive through tasks #9 & #10. This is the last heavyweight task in a renovation. 在安装其他工作之前,需要新的保护,以帮助磨光的地板通过#9和#10任务。这是装修中的最后一项重型任务。 Built-in cabinets will be delivered & installed. Countertops will be arranged to measure on-site once the relevant cabinet is been installed & ready for measurement. This (Task #9) is one of the most critical parts of a renovation because this is where everything that you've planned for, meets. In other words, the success of this installation has very little to do with what is being executed now, but a lot to do with what's been thought of in the discussion (reflected in the detailed drawings) and resolved prior to this installation. There's a saying: "The game is won, not in the Ring, but in the gym room." 内置柜将被送达并安装。一旦相关柜子安装并准备好测量,台面就会现场量尺寸。这(任务#9)是装修中最关键的部分之一,因为这是您计划的一切的交汇点。换句话说,这个安装的成功与现在执行的工作几乎无关,但与之前的讨论(反映在详细的图纸中)和解决的问题有很大关系。有一句话说:“比赛不是在拳台上赢得的,而是在健身房里。” 9(b). Install (Countertops, Kitchen & Bath Fittings, Sockets & Switches, Lights, Air-con & Electrical Appliances ) 安装(台面、厨房和浴室配件、插座和开关、灯具、空调和电器) This is where small final items are coming together 这是小型最终项目的聚集地 Cut-to-size countertops will be measured & installed, and only then can the kitchen & bath fittings be installed. Sockets & switches that are in the cabinets will be installed. I will usually have some of the Lights, that I designed to be in-lined with the cabinets, which will too be installed at this stage. I will try to have the Air-con installed as late in the process as possible because the warranty is activate upon installation. Again, there are no die-hard rules, just what makes more sense. 定制台面将被测量和安装,然后才能安装厨房和浴室配件。安装在柜子中的插座和开关也将被安装。通常我会设计一些与柜子嵌线的灯具,在这个阶段也会被安装。我会尽量晚一点安装空调,因为保修是在安装后生效的。同样,没有绝对的规则,只是更有意义的做法。 10. Clean (Clear Debris & Washing) 清洁(清除杂物和清洗) The last step in the renovation process, removing all the renovation debris from the site, a team of cleaners will be in, to dust-free the newly renovated home. 装修过程中的最后一步,将所有的装修杂物从现场清除,一个清洁团队将进入,使新装修的家变得干净整洁。 Usually, I will encourage the client to go with a more professionally trained cleaner, the last thing you want, is to have the cleaner damaging the new surfaces/items because of the lack of relevant knowledge and field experience. Remember, we've been through a loooong period of renovation, the handover may just be a couple more days, this is a bad place where things go wrong. 通常,我会建议客户选择经过专业培训的清洁工,因为你不希望清洁工因缺乏相关知识和实地经验而损坏新的表面/物品。记住,我们经历了漫长的装修过程,交付可能只是再过几天,这是事情出错的最后时刻。

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Some questions may raise, such as when the curtain tracks are to be installed? What about wallpapers? When should we have pest control in for the checks and injections? Should window tinting be in early or late? These in my opinion are less common items, and I might consider making a more comprehensive walkthrough in the near future.

My say is, this may be useful for new designers / inexperience homeowners. The above step-by-step should give you a rough idea of what tasks are involved, and the logic that contributes to their order in the lengthy renovation. 一些问题可能会被提出,比如窗帘轨道何时安装?壁纸呢?什么时候进行病虫害防治检查和注射?窗户贴膜应该提早还是晚点进行?在我看来,这些都是较不常见的项目,我可能会考虑在不久的将来制作更全面的指南。我认为,对于新设计师或经验不足的业主来说,这可能会很有用。上述的逐步说明应该给您一个大致的任务概述,以及对长期装修中任务顺序的贡献逻辑的理解。 Should you want a quick chat or looking for more interior tips : Reach me at my Instagram account here, screen through my post, or hit me up in the chat, we can talk about it. 如果您想要进行快速交流或寻找更多室内设计技巧: 请在我的Instagram账号上联系我,在那里浏览我的帖子,或者直接与我聊天,我们可以讨论这些内容。 That's about it from me folks! 这就是我要说的了,谢谢您播出时间阅读!



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